Industrial robots are programmable units, designed to move equipment or loads from one point to another. These units are used to alleviate the need for human labour in various industrial applications and are thus called industrial robots.
Industrial robots are regularly used for processes which may be hard or dangerous for workers and are equipment which will change production methods. These robots are frequently used in heavy industrial applications such as arc welding, spot welding, loading-unloading and robotic workbench feeding. The robots take potential worker mistakes out of the process, thus they are ideal for large-scale productions due to the low probability of any errors being made.
Structurally, as robot becomes more able to carry heavier and bigger loads over a longer distance, the expected repetitive ability of these robots will relatively lessen. The ability of the robots can be assessed/reassessed by looking at whether or not they can consistently move at the same precision every time they move, through a three-dimensional plane. It is exactly for this reason that the industrial robots usually used have 3 different structures. While robots used for short distances and lightweight products (doing jobs such as aligning electronic parts onto a circuit) tend to be structurally small, small enough, in fact, that it could almost fit onto a table, robots used for a heavier loads have a bigger and heavier body. Robots used for welding and painting, however, carry relatively less equipment than robots made for heavier loads, yet are expected to carry out their jobs with the same precision, and have thus been specifically designed and manufactured for exactly this.
Another important factor in choosing a robot is choosing the length of the arm correctly as well as taking into account the location of where procedures will take place in regards to the robots ease of access. Often, choosing the right robot is easy thanks to the experienced robotic integrators and the stimulations they carry out.
After choosing a robot based on the requested access ability, it is also important to control the chosen robots ability to carry loads. Furthermore it is important to carefully select the robot based on the procedure it is required for. For example, if a robot is required for welding or painting, the weight of the equipment required for these processes must be taken into account, as this can shorten the life of the robot while also allowing for possible errors to take place during the process.
Primarily, there are two different types of robotic cells. Being able to create the ready-made cells that have been manufactured based on referring to the integrators’ experience, and, being functional as they have been used before in similar jobs.
Aside from the standard cells, systems have been designed based on clients’ requirements in various robotic projects. If a cell is to be made based on a particular set of requirements, the requested production speed and the quality will be taken into account from the very beginning.
The use of mechanisation systems prove to be the more logical choice when compared to robotic automations, this is due to its ability to carry out many of the simple tasks required within the industry at a low-cost, the system is also easier to operate and maintain.