Industrial robots are programmable units, designed to move equipment or loads from one point to another. These units are used to alleviate the need for human labour in various industrial applications and are thus called industrial robots.

Industrial robots are regularly used for processes which may be hard or dangerous for workers and are equipment which will change production methods. These robots are frequently used in heavy industrial applications such as arc welding, spot welding, loading-unloading and robotic workbench feeding. The robots take potential worker mistakes out of the process, thus they are ideal for large-scale productions due to the low probability of any errors being made.

Robotic arms were created to mimic a human arm. Just like a human arm, the robotic arm has a certain number of joints (which for robots, are called pivots), a certain length and can carry a certain amount of weight. It is expected that the robots are taught the manoeuvres they must perform via a remote control and that the robot will repeat these movements which have been permanently programmed into it.

Structurally, as robot becomes more able to carry heavier and bigger loads over a longer distance, the expected repetitive ability of these robots will relatively lessen. The ability of the robots can be assessed/reassessed by looking at whether or not they can consistently move at the same precision every time they move, through a three-dimensional plane. It is exactly for this reason that the industrial robots usually used have 3 different structures. While robots used for short distances and lightweight products (doing jobs such as aligning electronic parts onto a circuit) tend to be structurally small, small enough, in fact, that it could almost fit onto a table, robots used for a heavier loads have a bigger and heavier body. Robots used for welding and painting, however, carry relatively less equipment than robots made for heavier loads, yet are expected to carry out their jobs with the same precision, and have thus been specifically designed and manufactured for exactly this.
It is always beneficial to choose robots based on the processes desired. For example, for very precise applications such as welding or painting, a robot which has a highly developed repetition ability and a high loading capacity should be preferred.

Another important factor in choosing a robot is choosing the length of the arm correctly as well as taking into account the location of where procedures will take place in regards to the robots ease of access. Often, choosing the right robot is easy thanks to the experienced robotic integrators and the stimulations they carry out.

After choosing a robot based on the requested access ability, it is also important to control the chosen robots ability to carry loads. Furthermore it is important to carefully select the robot based on the procedure it is required for. For example, if a robot is required for welding or painting, the weight of the equipment required for these processes must be taken into account, as this can shorten the life of the robot while also allowing for possible errors to take place during the process.
A robotic cell is a system which includes the required safety equipment based on the procedure that will be carried out such as a robot, positioner, base and robot control.

Primarily, there are two different types of robotic cells. Being able to create the ready-made cells that have been manufactured based on referring to the integrators’ experience, and, being functional as they have been used before in similar jobs.

Aside from the standard cells, systems have been designed based on clients’ requirements in various robotic projects. If a cell is to be made based on a particular set of requirements, the requested production speed and the quality will be taken into account from the very beginning.
When designing a robot, the clients’ needs are taken into account and considered. Following the information we receive from our clients, we offer them a preliminary design and inform them of any potential costs that may arise. Upon the clients’ acceptance of the designs and costs, the design team chooses the required robot and other equipment while also using data from clients to construct the robot. After the necessary controls and stimulations have been carried out on the finished design, the robot is then passed onto the production team. The assembly is completed after the production team prepares the required parts. Following the assembly process, samples are created with the parts provided by the client and programming efforts are carried out and later presented to the client for their approval. Upon receiving approval, the system created is removed and taken to the clients’ production space, here, along with training on how to operate the system, upon the end of production, the systems are presented for approval and handed over to the clients.
A standard robotic system allows for high rates of errorless production and saving in terms of workers which is easy to calculate and be observed. Also, while removing the need for workers, a decrease in the supplies needed and energy used will also be observed.
Robot hardwares are sliders which allow for the mobility of the robot on a sled, depending on the size of the parts that will be used in the creation process, they are equipment such as positioners which help carry and turn the parts at different additional axes. These types of equipment are utilised either when the expected production speed increased or when the parts which will be used in production prove to be too big for the robot to carry over a certain distance.
Unlike robotic automations, mechanisations are automation systems which are not very flexible and are simpler and are used in mass productions. Furthermore, these systems have a lower cost of investment and are generally used to carry feeders and carry out simple welding tasks.

The use of mechanisation systems prove to be the more logical choice when compared to robotic automations, this is due to its ability to carry out many of the simple tasks required within the industry at a low-cost, the system is also easier to operate and maintain.
It is beneficial for investors to evaluate the investment they will make in two stages. During the first stage of the investment, when you have decided what system you will be investing in, you should request a detailed payment plan and details of all potential costs. However, the elements which will affect the total costs are: the maintenance the robots receive during their utilization and the use of equipment in the robots, however these are costs which can only be determined after a period of experience. Furthermore in order to determine these types of costs it is beneficial to request a separate bill for the cost of the use of these equipment, the lifetime of the equipment used and the service fee that the manufacturers charge.
If the robotic investments have been well designed and work properly, it will pay itself off within 3-4 years. However, shortening this period depends on the integrator firms’ expertise. An integrator firm which has good command of the equipment it uses, can seriously create a means of efficient savings. Thus working with more developed integrator firms depending on the job that needs to be done may be more efficient and beneficial.

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